Evolution of Universe - gk lokam

5 November 2019

Evolution of Universe

Evolution of Universe

Origin of Universe


There are three main theories put forward to explain origin and evolution of universe.

1.BIG BANG THEORY


Most widely accepted theory regarding the origin of universe
Ans : Big Bang Theory

Big Bang Theory was proposed by
Ans : George Lemaitre

Big Bang Theory was modified by
Ans : Edwin Hubble

The term big bang was coined by
Ans : Fred Hoyle

Big bang theory is also called as
Ans : Expanding Universe Hypothesis

2. STEADY STATE THEORY


Steady State Theory was proposed by
Ans : Hermann Bondi, Thomas Gold and Fred Hoyle

Steady State Theory was proposed in
Ans : 1948

Quasi Steady State Theory was proposed by
Ans : Jayant Narlikar

3.THE PULSATING THEORY


The Pulsating Theory was proposed by
Ans : Dr. Allan Sandage

The theory which proposed that at present universe is expanding
Ans : Pulsating Theory

GALAXIES


A galaxy is a vast collection of billions of stars, dust, gas and empty space held together by
Ans : Gravitational force

The word galaxy was first introduced by
Ans : William Herschel

First person to calculate distance between galaxies
Ans : Sir Edwin Hubble

There are about 5Q billion galaxies exist in the universe
Group of galaxies is known as
Ans : Cluster

The most distant object visible to naked eye in the universe
Ans : Andromeda Galaxy

Our sun and its planets belongs to the
Ans : Milky Way Galaxy or Akash Ganga

First astronomer to demonstrate the existence of galaxies beyond milky way
Ans : Edwin Hubble (1924)

TYPES OF GALAXIES


1.Spiral Galaxies
2.Elliptical Galaxies
3.Irregular Galaxies

The galaxy having central nucleus with great spiral arms
Ans : Spiral Galaxy

Milky way and Andromeda are the examples of
Ans : Spiral Galaxies 

New stars are formed in Spiral Galaxies Largest spiral galaxy
Ans : Andromeda Galaxy

The farthest object which can be seen with naked eyes
Ans : Andromeda Galaxy

The milky way belongs to a cluster of galaxies called
Ans : Local group

The galaxies having no spiral arms are called
Ans : Elliptical,Galaxies

Red Giants and white dwarfs are seen in the
Ans : Elliptical Galaxies 

Dim collection of old stars are seen in the
Ans : Elliptical Galaxies 

Galaxies having no regular shape
Ans : Irregular Galaxies 

Large Magellanic cloud is an
Ans : Irregular Galaxy

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